10) What THCV is?

April 08, 2024 4 min read

9) Le thc v c’est quoi?

Exploration of Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV): A Promising Cannabinoid

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) is emerging as one of the most intriguing cannabinoids in the cannabis plant. With a propyl side chain, THCV is distinguished from THC by its non-psychoactive potential at low doses. This characteristic makes it a captivating subject of study in the medical and therapeutic field..

Natural Origins and Chemical Structure

THCV is mainly found in certain cannabis varieties from Central Asia and Southern Africa. Its complex chemical structure includes seven possible double bond isomers and thirty stereoisomers, providing remarkable diversity. Unlike other cannabinoids like THC, CBD, and CBC, the THCV biosynthesis process does not begin with cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), but rather with divarinolic acid..

Pharmacological Properties and Therapeutic Applications

Preliminary studies have revealed several potential therapeutic properties of THCV. It exhibits neuroprotective activity, regulates blood sugar, suppresses appetite and shows anticancer effects in vitro. Additionally, THCV acts on cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as other receptors, suggesting a wide range of possible medical applications. It has also been associated with reduced food consumption, making it a topic of interest for the management of obesity and diabetes.

Research and development

THCV research is progressing rapidly, with studies underway to fully understand its therapeutic potential. Clinical trials are examining its effectiveness in treating glucose intolerance, obesity, and other medical conditions. Efforts are also being made to develop efficient extraction methods to produce THCV on a large scale..

Legal and Regulatory Aspects

In the United States, THCV is subject to specific regulations under the 2018 Farm Bill. When it is derived from hemp and contains less than 0.3% THC, its production and sale is legally permitted. However, questions remain about its legal status in other jurisdictions and its inclusion in psychotropic substance laws.

Difference between THC and THCv

The main difference between THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and THCV (tetrahydrocannabivarin) is their molecular structure, which influences their pharmacological effects..

  1. Molecular structure :
    • THC has a side chain of five carbons (pentyl).
    • THCV has a three-carbon side chain (propyl).
  2. Pharmacological effects :
    • THC is known for its psychoactive effects, that is, it causes an altered mental state.
    • THCV, on the other hand, is non-psychoactive at low doses. This means that it does not cause the euphoric or mind-altering effects associated with THC. However, at higher doses it can produce psychoactive effects in some people.
  3. Potential medical effects :
    • THC is often used for its analgesic, relaxant, and antiemetic properties, and is commonly prescribed to treat pain, nausea, and muscle spasms..
    • THCV exhibits a wide range of potential properties, including appetite suppression, blood sugar regulation, neuroprotection, and even anticancer effects. It is being studied for its therapeutic applications in the treatment of obesity, diabetes, epilepsy and other disorders.

In summary, although THC and THCV are both cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, their different molecular structures lead to distinct pharmacological effects, with THC being primarily psychoactive while THCV is non-psychoactive at low doses, with diverse therapeutic potential.

Why do some genetics have THC and others have THCV?

The presence of THC or THCV in different cannabis varieties depends mainly on the genetics of the plant and the growing conditions. Here are some things to consider :

  1. Génétique de la plante : Different cannabis strains have unique genetic profiles that determine the production of different cannabinoids. Some strains are genetically predisposed to producing THC, while others favor THCV production.
  2. Growing conditions : Environmental conditions such as climate, soil, light exposure, and growing practices can also influence cannabinoid production. For example, high levels of light exposure can promote the conversion of THC to THCV.
  3. Timing of conversion :The conversion of THC to THCV or vice versa can occur naturally over time or under the influence of environmental factors. For example, prolonged exposure to UV light can cause THC to decarboxylate into THCV.
  4. Relationship between THC and THCV : THCV is not directly derived from THC, but the two cannabinoids have similar biosynthetic pathways in the cannabis plant. CBGA (cannabigerolic acid) is considered the common precursor of THC and THCV. The difference in molecular structure results from variations in enzymes and chemical reactions that occur during biosynthesis.

In summary, the presence of THC or THCV in different cannabis varieties depends on various genetic and environmental factors, and the conversion between the two cannabinoids can occur naturally or under the influence of specific conditions. THCV is not the parent molecule of THC, but the two cannabinoids share similar biosynthetic pathways.


THCV represents an exciting and promising area of research in the cannabinoid field. Its unique properties and therapeutic potential make it a subject of growing interest for the scientific and medical community. As research continues, it is crucial to fully understand the applications of THCV and its impact on human health.

" Do not hesitate to share your experiences and opinions on cannabis molecules in the comments below, while discovering our blog and sharing its content on your social networks. Your support is our driving force!"

Leave a comment

Also in Health & Science

cbc pas chère
9) What CBC is?

April 23, 2024 2 min read

Read More
h4 cbd
12) What is h4cbd?

April 08, 2024 3 min read

Read More
cannabis synthétique
11) What are the different synthetic cannabis?

April 08, 2024 2 min read

Read More